Killeen, in Bell County, Texas, is a dynamic city about 70 miles north of Austin. The townsite was essentially uninhabited until the Gulf, Colorado and also Santa Fe Railroad laid its tracks through main Texas in 1882. The railway firm platted the community of Killeen on its right of way and also within a year, several shops, a cocktail lounge, a railroad depot, and also a college showed up on its streets. Residents of bordering districts moved to Killeen to take advantage of opportunities afforded the town as a railroad terminus. Killeen quickly came to be the center of local farming, delivering cotton and also animals to market from its railway autos.
The town’s late 19th and early 20th century buildings date from this duration of agricultural success. Development slowed to a halt throughout the Great Clinical depression of the 1930s yet activity returned to when neighboring Camp Hood was produced as a significant training school for U.S. soldiers throughout The second world war. Although the army maintained the community’s economy to life in the mid-to-late 1940s, it made couple of payments to the city’s building supply and also infrastructure, probably as a result of the short-lived nature of its tenure in the location. After the war, the town’s future was uncertain, yet when the Camp Hood was re-commissioned in 1950 as Ft Hood, a long-term armed forces article, individuals crowded to Killeen to supply items and also services for the expanding center.
Fort Hood’s long-term condition and growth straight affected Killeen’s populace and building boom in the 1950s. The city’s population more than increased from concerning 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 the list below year on the strength of the base existence. Throughout that year, nearly 100 new commercial buildings rose in the city’s downtown core. Due in huge component to the existence of Fort Hood in the postwar period, downtown Killeen has a lot of industrial sources birthing contemporary architectural impacts from that duration.
The Killeen Midtown Historic District is loaded with a mix of late-19th/ very early 20th-century business structures and also postwar industrial buildings in almost equivalent numbers. A few of the postwar buildings present distinctly modern architectural attributes. Though many of its buildings have been become some level, the district is significant for its concentration of historic-age sources representing Killeen’s two most influential durations of development as well as development. Since the district has such a distinct cluster of historic-age buildings and also because its postwar style is notable for its Modern style as well as type, it is nominated to the National Register of Historic Places under Standard A, Area Preparation and also Advancement as well as Military, and under Criterion C, Design, at the regional degree of significance. The district’s duration of significance is 1895-1964.